Election and Representation
Election and Representation,There is need of portrayal in an enormous majority rule government. All residents can’t take direct part in settling on each choice. Subsequently, agents are chosen by individuals. This is the way decisions become significant.
Elections have today turned into the most noticeable image of the vote based interaction. An immediate majority rules system is one where the residents straightforwardly take part in the everyday dynamic and in the running of the public authority. In such a plan residents pick their delegates, who thus are effectively associated with overseeing and managing the country. The residents play a restricted part in taking significant choices and in running the organization. Citizens are involved just in a roundabout way through their chosen delegates. The strategy followed to pick these delegates is alluded to as an ‘election’.
Election System in India
There are various techniques or the arrangement of elections. In a popularity based political decision, individuals vote and their inclination concludes who will win the election. However, there can be altogether different manners by which individuals settle on their decisions and altogether different manners by which their inclinations can be counted. Along these lines, various vote based systems have their own particular manner of choosing. There are two types of election system: FPTP & PR. India has chosen FPTP system.
FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS
Universal Franchise and Right to Contest- Every individual who is adult (18years or more in India) is qualified to vote in election independent of caste, belief, color, race, religion, language and so on. It guarantees investment of individuals in the administration. All residents reserve the privilege to stand for election and become the delegate of individuals. Be that as it may, there are distinctive least age prerequisites for participating in elections. For instance, to represent Lok Sabha or Assembly elections, an applicant should be atleast 25 years of age. The individual ought not have gone through detainment for at least two years, ought to be resident of India and ought not be of unsound mind.
Article 324 of the Indian Constitution accommodates an autonomous Election Commission for the ‘administration, course and control of the constituent roll and the lead of elections’ in India. To help the Election Commission of India there is a Chief Electoral Officer in each state. The Election Commission isn’t answerable for the conduct of local body elections. The State Election Commissioners work autonomously of the Election Commission of India and each has its own circle of activity. In 1993, the Commission became multi-part body: A Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. The Chief Election Commissioner and two election Commissioners are selected by the President of India on the counsel of the Council of Ministers. They are selected for a long term or proceed till the age of 65, whichever is prior. The CEC can be eliminated before the expiry of the term, by the President if the two houses of Parliament make such a proposal with a special majority.
Why do we need a constitution
The modem period is considered as the time of vote based system where interest of individuals guaranteed at each degree of government. In the expressions of Abraham Lincoln. “Vote based system the public authority of individuals, for individuals and by individuals”. Democracy can be arranged into two sorts, for example Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy. In ancient times, direct democracy was noticeable. In an indirect democracy, individuals don’t take an interest straightforwardly yet they partake by implication through their chosen delegates who act as per the desires of individuals.
Our constitution has provided us with indirect democracy where every citizen take part in the government through his chosen representative.
Election and Representation,Judiciary in India,Freedom and Equality before and after 1947,Fundamental Rights in Indian Constitution,Constitution under British Rule,why do we need a constitution,natural vegetation and wildlife class 9,
Secularism in India,Development and Security of the Nation,Making the Indian Constitution Part 2
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